What crops are native to India?

The Indian subcontinent is place of origin to one of the widest arrays of foods ranging from varieties of rice, millets and pulses among food grains to sugarcane, bananas and plantains, mangoes, lemons, and various tubers like taro and yams.

What veggies are native to India?

Vegetable origins

Vegetable Hindi name Likely time of introduction
Okra Bhindi 100-500 CE
Onion Pyaaz Unknown, but present by 500 BCE
Potato Aloo 1600 CE
Sweet Potato Shakarkand 1600 CE)

Is tomato native to India?

India. The tomato arrived in India by the way of Portuguese explorers, in the 16th century. It was grown from the 18th century onwards for the British.

Which fruit crop has originated in India?

Banana is one of the oldest tropical fruits cultivated by man from prehistoric time in India with great socio-economic significance, interwoven in the cultural heritage of the country.

Is onion indigenous to India?

Onions are one of the oldest cultivated vegetables in our history, originating in central Asia from where it spread across entire world. … Onions were grown in Ancient Egypt 5,500 years ago, in India and China 5,000 years ago, in Sumeria 4,500 years ago.

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Is Apple native to India?

The apple cultivar ‘Ambri’, is considered to be indigenous to Kashmir and had been grown long before Western introductions. … Sweet cherry was introduced from Europe before India’s independence in 1947, while commercial cultivars of sour cherry have been brought mainly from USA in more recent years.

Is potato native to India?

But the potato is indigenous to South America, not South Asia. … When the British East India Company arrived in India in the 17th century, they found that, although the Portuguese had brought the crop over earlier, very few Indians grew or ate potatoes.

Who brought papaya to India?

Papayas came to India by way of the Caribbean and then Malaysia around 1550. A century later, explorers from Italy and China brought papaya from India’s soils back to their respective countries. India is the world’s largest producer of papaya; unsurprisingly, then, it’s also one of the easiest fruits to find.

Which fruit is only found in India?

Bael is an extremely unique fruit which are grown in Himalayas, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. The fruit is typically eaten fresh, dried or can be consumed in juice form too. Bael fruit also helps in curing several diseases like digestive disorders.

Is cauliflower native to India?

Cauliflower has been in cultivation in India since last 150 years. It was introduced from England in 1822 by Dr. Jemson, In-charge of Company Bagh, Saharanpur, U.P. The imported seeds were tested in various parts of India.

Are berries native to India?

Kosam. These berries are native to the Indian subcontinent and have yellow colored exotic-looking fruits. Kosams are wild berries that occur mainly in the forests of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. Also referred to as Kusum in Hindi, its oil also has many uses in traditional medicine.

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Who brought onions to India?

The Chinese traveller Xuanzang (also spelt as Hiuen Tsang or Hsuan Tsang), who came to India in the seventh century AD, observed that few people ate onions, and those who were found out were “expelled beyond the walls of the town”.

Is garlic native to India?

Garlic is believed to be a native of central Asia, South Asia or southwestern Siberia. … Garlic lovers carried the pungent herb into Egypt, Pakistan, India and China. The crusaders brought back garlic to Europe.

Where are fruits native to?

The Origin of Cultivated Fruits and Vegetables

Source Fruits Vegetables
China Apricot Chinese Cabbage
Peach
Persimmon
Southeast Asia Banana

Who brought vegetables India?

Portuguese first brought these vegetables to India.