What was the main purpose of British coming to India?
As we know that the British East India Company came to India with the purpose of trade mainly in spices. Apart from that they also traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea, and opium. The arrival of Vasco da Gama in Calicut on May 20, 1498, opened a sea route from Europe to East Asia.
What was the purpose of the East India Company behind the merger policy during 1850s?
Incorporated by royal charter on December 31, 1600, it was started as a monopolistic trading body so that England could participate in the East Indian spice trade.
What did the British East India Company do?
The East India Company was initially created in 1600 to serve as a trading body for English merchants, specifically to participate in the East Indian spice trade. It later added such items as cotton, silk, indigo, saltpeter, tea, and opium to its wares and also participated in the slave trade.
When did the British East India Company gain control over India?
Company rule in India effectively began in 1757 after the Battle of Plassey and lasted until 1858 when, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control of India in the form of the new British Raj.
What was the reason behind the capture of Awadh by the company?
Answer: Although Wajid Ali Shah was a capable ruler, the British residents gave exaggerated reports about his incompetence to the company authorities. This gave the East India Company a Casus Belli (cause for war in Latin) to conquer Awadh.
Why were the powers of East India Company transferred to the British crown?
(i) The powers of the East India Company was transferred to the British Crown in order to ensure a more responsible management of Indian affairs. The Governor-General of India was given the title of Viceroy, that is, a personal representative of the Crown.
What changes did the East India Company bring to India?
As more land came under the Company’s control it increased taxes, forcing many local people to stop growing food to support themselves, and instead grow ‘cash crops’, which could be sold to raise cash for taxes. This was often opium, which the East India Company traded for Chinese tea.
What was the purpose of East India Company to recruit the Indian artists?
They wanted to take pictures of the following to take them back to their native places. Therefore they started to hire Indian artists to make a painting of the same with the usage of watercolor and shading.
Why did the East India Company have an army?
The company used its armed force to subdue Indian states and principalities with which it had initially entered into trading agreements, to enforce ruinous taxation, to carry out officially sanctioned looting, and to protect its economic exploitation of both skilled and unskilled Indian labor.
Who started the East India Company?
The main reason for the involvement and influence of the EIC in the Indian Subcontinent is trade. They first entered the region as a charted joint-stock company to conduct trade. The trade of spices had proved highly profitable and the British wanted to have a share in this market.
What were the various reason for the rise of the national movement in India?
1 The causes for the rise of Indian National Movement were the reactionary policies and racial arrogance of the rulers, rise of middle class intelligentsia, rediscovery of India’s glorious past, impact of Nationalist movements around the World, development of infrastructure and the modern press, exploitation of the …
Why did Calcutta rise under British?
Although Calcutta was setup after Surat, Madras and Bombay, Calcutta quickly grew due to be the most important city of British India due to the seat of the government and the prosperity of the surrounding region.