Supreme Court: It is the Apex court of the country and was constituted on 28th January 1950. It is the highest court of appeal and enjoys both original suits and appeals of High Court judgments. The Supreme Court is comprised of the Chief Justice of India and 25 other judges.
Which is the highest judicial body in India?
Supreme Court of India came into existence on 26th January, 1950 and is located on Tilak Marg, New Delhi. The Supreme Court of India functioned from the Parliament House till it moved to the present building.
What is the highest judiciary body?
The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest court in the land and the only part of the federal judiciary specifically required by the Constitution. The Constitution does not stipulate the number of Supreme Court Justices; the number is set instead by Congress.
What is judiciary body in India?
Judiciary system consists of Judges and other magistrates, they form the bench or the core of the judiciary system. On 26 January 1950, the Indian Constitution was written and it is worlds largest constitution written. … Judicial System of India consists of Supreme Court, High Court, District Court or Subordinate Court.
What is the full form of PIL?
Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals. Public interest cases may arise from both public and private law matters.
High Courts: Each state has its own High Court, which is most certainly the highest judicial authority of the state. Supreme Court: This is at the top of all state and district courts, presided by the Chief Justice of India.
Who established judicial system in India?
Warren Hastings and Lord Cornwallis introduced their Judicial Plans, beginning in 1772. These plans established a hierarchy of courts and designated officials who were to decide matters, taking help from advisors who were well-versed with the parties’ personal laws.
Which is the last High Court in India?
There are 25 High Courts in India. The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India. The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year. The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019.
What are the three levels of Indian judiciary?
The Indian judicial system (as per the constitution of India) is an arm of the All India Services. The hierarchy of courts are as follows – 1) Supreme Court, 2) High Courts, & 3) District Courts (other courts are mostly considered as subsidiaries of these courts).
Who is the first chief justice of India?
Sir Hiralal Jekisundas Kania (3 November 1890 – 6 November 1951) was the first Chief Justice of India. He served as the Chief Justice of India from 1950 to 1951.
H. J. Kania.
|The Honourable Chief Justice of India Hiralal Jekisundas Kania|
|Died||6 November 1951 (aged 61) New Delhi, India|
How many types of judiciary are there in India?
There are four types of courts in India, i.e., Supreme Court, High Court, District Court, and subordinate courts. The seat of the Supreme court is in New Delhi.
What is Pil BYJU’s?
Public Interest Litigation (PIL) implies litigation for the protection of public interests. This is an important concept in law and polity and is often seen in the news. Hence, it acquires importance for the IAS exam.
What is full form Google?
GOOGLE: Global Organization of Oriented Group Language of Earth. … Officially Google has not a full form. It is generated from a word “googol” which means a huge number. The word “googol” represents a number that is 1 followed by 100 zeros.
Which is oldest high court in India?
The Calcutta High Court is the oldest High Court in India. It has jurisdiction over the State of West Bengal and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The High Court building”s design is based on the Cloth Hall, Ypres, in Belgium. The court has a sanctioned judge strength of 72.