Spices play a vital role in Indian cuisine since long time. These are the some of the most valuable items of domestic as well as industrial kitchens. The role of spices is to increase the palatability and used as a flavoring, coloring, and preservative agents.
Why are the spices important?
Spices are important in both cooking and medicine. They improve the natural flavor of cuisines and can be used to adjust the appearance of food and make it more pleasing in color. Some of them grow wild and are an excellent source of food preservatives, especially in industrially processed foods.
Why India is known as home of spices?
India, known as the home of spices, boast a long history of trading with the ancient civilisations of Rome and China. Today, Indian spices are the most sought-after globally, given their exquisite aroma, texture, taste and medicinal value. India has the largest domestic market for spices in the world.
Why is spices important in cooking?
Spices enhance the taste and flavour of food.
Spices contribute rich flavour to food without adding any calories, fat, sugar or salt. Herbs and spices also add flavours to dishes which, again, increases their complexity but also complements or plays counterpoint to other flavours already present.
Which spice is exported most from India?
Chili were the most exported spice from India in fiscal year 2021, with an estimated volume of over 601 thousand metric tons. Cumin followed, while turmeric ranked third. India spice exports accounted for over 1.5 million metric tons and 3.6 billion U.S. dollars in value that year.
What are the important spices exported from India?
Primary Exports: Among whole spices India primarily exports pepper, chilli, turmeric, ginger, cardamom, coriander, cumin, fennel, fenugreek, celery, nutmeg and mace garlic, tamarind and vanilla.
How spices are exported from India?
For any export business from India, sellers will need to obtain an Import Export Code (IEC). It is a 10-digit code given by the DGFT (Directorate General of Foreign Trade India), that grants license to importers and exporters to trade across the borders legally. To know more about IEC, read here.
Why are spices important to world history?
Spices were among the most valuable items of trade in ancient and medieval times. As long ago as 3500 BC the ancient Egyptians were using various spices for flavouring food, in cosmetics, and for embalming their dead. The use of spices spread through the Middle East to the eastern Mediterranean and Europe.
What is the economic importance of spices?
Economic Importance: Spices play an important role in the agricultural economy of the country. The total value of spices produced in India was about 7000 crores annually. India’s export in 1997-98 was 2.187 lakh million tones valued US$368.32 million.
What is the importance of spices in human nutrition?
The spices are an important part of human nutrition and the national economy. They help in adding taste and flavour to the food. They also have medicinal properties and they help in bringing out the unique flavour to the food. They are also used as food preservatives for processes food items.
Where do spices come from in India?
Most of the spices we consume come from the East—from India and the Spice Islands beyond. India alone produces 50 percent of the spices that are consumed globally. From cumin to coriander, from paprika to pepper, Indian cuisine is a cuisine of spice.
Which state is famous for spices in India?
With an estimated production volume of over three million metric tons, the state of Madhya Pradesh was the largest producer of spices across India in 2021. Rajasthan and Gujarat were the other major producers that year.
How many spices come from India?
India is a great producer of plenty of spices, from 80 types of spices grown in the world where as about 50 types are grown in India.