The south-west monsoon irrigates over half of India’s crop land. Its arrival marks the beginning of the cultivation of rain-fed kharif crops which are heavily dependent on the monsoon—the quantity of rainfall determines agricultural production.
Why do you think the South West monsoon season is so important in India?
India receives bulk of its rainfall during the Southwest Monsoon season. … By June end, the monsoon winds are usually established over most parts of India. The Arabian Sea branch of the Southwest Monsoons is more powerful than the Bay of Bengal branch.
What is the importance of the southwest monsoon?
For much of the Southwest, the monsoon season sparks the fire season but also can bring the fire season to a close after the first few weeks of rainfall. The monsoon brings rains that can help reverse the downward draw from reservoirs; it is also important to farmers who depend on natural rainfall.
What are two important characteristics of South West monsoon?
Two important characteristics of the Southwest monsoon rainfall are: It is influenced by the mountains and relief features of the country. For example, the western slopes of the Western Ghats get heavy rainfall while the eastern slopes get scanty rainfall as the latter lies on the leeward side of the Western Ghats.
What is South West monsoon in India?
Southwest Monsoon season. Southwest Monsoon season. The period June to September is referred to as the ‘Southwest Monsoon’ period. Southwest Monsoon period is the principal rainy season for the Indian subcontinent. This is the summer monsoon period where the southwest monsoon holds away over the country.
Which are affected to South West monsoon in India?
Southwest Monsoon brings humid climate and torrential rainfall to India and Southeast Asia. The warm and moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows towards countries like Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia and Myanmar.
How do monsoons affect India?
Heavy summer monsoons can cause great damage. Residents of such urban areas as Mumbai, India, are used to the streets flooding with almost half a meter (1.5 feet) of water every summer. However, when the summer monsoon is stronger than expected, floods can devastate the region.
What is the monsoon season in India?
e. Indian summer monsoon. The Indian summer monsoon typically lasts from June-September (Fig. 58d), with large areas of western and central India receiving more than 90% of their total annual precipitation during the period, and southern and northwestern India receiving 50%-75% of their total annual rainfall.
In which month monsoon comes in India?
Monsoon or rainy season, lasting from June to September. The season is dominated by the humid southwest summer monsoon, which slowly sweeps across the country beginning in late May or early June. Monsoon rains begin to recede from North India at the beginning of October. South India typically receives more rainfall.
What are the two important characteristics of the monsoon rainfall in India?
(i) Reversal of wind system. (ii) Uneven distribution of rainfall over the year.
Which receives the highest rainfall in India?
Mawsynram (/ˈmɔːsɪnˌrʌm/) is a town in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya state in Northeastern India, 60.9 kilometres from Shillong, the state capital. Mawsynram receives the highest rainfall in India.
Why do the South West monsoon winds branch out into two?
The southwest monsoon winds bifurcate into two branches on entering the land because of the peculiar shape of the Indian Peninsula. The two branches are Arabian Sea branch and Bay of Bengal branch.
How does the southwest monsoon affect our country?
As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean blows toward countries like India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, and Myanmar. The summer monsoon brings a humid climate and torrential rainfall to these areas. … Rice and tea are some crops that rely on the summer monsoon.
Why the monsoons are important for South and Southeast Asia?
As winter ends, warm, moist air from the southwest Indian Ocean heads towards South Asia; the summer monsoon brings humidity and torrential rainfall. The South Asia monsoon season is vital for agriculture and livelihoods in the region. … When the summer monsoon is delayed or not strong, the region’s economy suffers.
Why do the south westerly winds cause rain in India?
The south westerly winds arrive from the oceans and are full of moisture. they move around from Bay of Bengal and Arabian sea and thus causes rainfall in India.